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Handbook of Electric Power Calculations / H. Wayne Beaty, Surya Santoso.

Colaborador(es): Beaty, H. Wayne [] | Santoso, Surya [].
Tipo de material: TextoTextoNew York, N.Y. : McGraw-Hill Education LLC., c2015Fecha de copyright: ©2015Edición: 4th edition.Descripción: 1 online resource (xiii, 738 pages) : illustrations, figures, tables; 25 cm.Tipo de contenido: Tipo de medio: Tipo de portador: ISBN: 9780071823906 (print ISBN); 0071823905 (print ISBN); 9780071823432 (eISBN); 0071823433 (eISBN).Otro título: Handbook of Electric Power Calculations, Fourth Edition.Tema(s): Electric power systems -- Mathematics -- Handbooks, manuals, etc | Mathematics -- Formulae -- Handbooks, manuals, etcFormatos físicos adicionales: Print version: : Handbook of Electric Power Calculations Clasificación CDD: 621.31 Recursos en línea: Haga clic para acceso en línea Also issued in print and PDF version.
Contenidos:
A. About the Editors -- B. Preface -- C. Acknowledgments -- D. Contributors -- E. Other Electrical Power Engineering Books of Interest -- 1. Section 1: Basic Network Analysis -- Series-Parallel DC Network Analysis -- Branch-Current Analysis of a DC Network -- Mesh Analysis of a DC Network -- Nodal Analysis of a DC Network -- DC Network Solution Using Superposition Theorem -- DC Network Solution Using Thevenin's Theorem -- DC Network Solution Using Norton's Theorem -- Balanced DC Bridge Network -- Unbalanced DC Bridge Network -- Analysis of a Sinusoidal Wave -- Analysis of a Square Wave -- Analysis of an Offset Wave -- Circuit Response to a Nonsinusoidal Input Consisting of a DC Voltage in Series with an AC Voltage -- Steady-State AC Analysis of a Series RLC Circuit -- Steady-State AC Analysis of a Parallel RLC Circuit -- Analysis of a Series-Parallel AC Network -- Analysis of Power in an AC Circuit -- Analysis of Power Factor and Reactive Factor -- Power-Factor Correction -- Maximum Power Transfer in an AC Circuit -- Analysis of a Balanced Wye-Wye System -- Analysis of a Balanced Delta-Delta System -- Response of an Integrator to a Rectangular Pulse -- Bibliography -- 2. Section 2: Instrumentation -- Introduction -- Voltage Measurement -- Current Measurement -- Power Measurement Using a Single-Phase Wattmeter -- Power Measurement Using a Three-Phase Wattmeter -- Reactive-Power Measurement -- Power-Factor Measurement -- Electric Energy Metering -- Electric Peak-Power Demand Metering -- Nonelectrical Measurements -- Bibliography -- 3. Section 3: DC Motors and Generators -- DC Generator Used as a Tachometer, Speed/Voltage Measurement -- Separately Excited DC Generator's Rated Conditions from No-Load Saturation Curve -- Terminal Conditions Calculated for a DC Compound Generator -- Added Series Field Calculated to Produce Flat Compounding in a DC Generator -- Calculation of Interpole Windings for a DC Generator -- Design of Compensating Windings for a DC Machine -- Stator and Armature Resistance Calculations in a DC Self-Excited Generator -- Efficiency Calculation for a DC Shunt Generator -- Torque and Efficiency Calculations for a Separately Excited DC Motor -- Design of a Manual Starter for a DC Shunt Motor -- Consideration of Duty Cycle Used to Select a DC Motor -- Calculation of Armature Reaction in a DC Shunt Motor -- Dynamic Braking for a Separately Excited DC Motor -- Three-Phase SCR Drive for a DC Motor -- DC Shunt-Motor Speed Determined from Armature Current and No-Load Saturation Curve -- Chopper Drive for a DC Motor -- Design of a Counter-EMF Automatic Starter for a DC Shunt Motor -- Bibliography -- 4. Section 4: Transformers -- Analysis of Transformer Turns Ratio -- Analysis of a Step-Up Transformer -- Analysis of a Transformer Connected to a Load -- Selection of a Transformer for Impedance Matching -- Performance of a Transformer with Multiple Secondaries -- Impedance Transformation of a Three-Winding Transformer -- Selection of a Transformer with Tapped Secondaries -- Transformer Characteristics and Performance -- Performance and Analysis of a Transformer with a Lagging Power-Factor Load -- Performance and Analysis of a Transformer with a Leading Power-Factor Load -- Calculation of Transformer Voltage Regulation -- Calculation of Efficiency -- Analysis of Transformer Operation at Maximum Efficiency -- Calculation of All-Day Efficiency -- Selection of Transformer to Supply a Cyclic Load -- Analysis of Transformer under Short-Circuit Conditions -- Calculation of Parameters in the Equivalent Circuit of Power Transformer by Using the Open-Circuit and Short-Circuit Tests -- Performance of a Step-Up Autotransformer (Buck/Boost Transformer in Boost Mode) -- Analysis of a Delta-Wye Three-Phase Transformer Bank Used as a Generator-Step-Up Transformer -- Performance of an Open Delta or Vee-Vee System -- Analysis of a Scott-Connected System -- Bibliography.
5. Section 5: Three-Phase Induction Motors -- Introduction -- Equivalent Circuit -- Determination of Equivalent Circuit Parameters -- Performance Characteristics -- Plugging -- Braking -- Autotransformer Starting -- Resistance Starting -- Reactance Starting -- Series-Parallel Starting -- Multistep Starting -- Speed Control -- Line-Voltage Control -- Frequency Control -- Selection of Motor Starting and Speed Control -- Motor Selection for a Constant Load -- Motor Selection for a Variable Load -- Bibliography -- 6. Section 6: Single-Phase Motors -- Equivalent Circuit of a Single-Phase Induction Motor Determined from No-Load and Locked-Rotor Tests -- Torque and Efficiency Calculations for a Single-Phase Induction Motor -- Determination of Input Conditions and Internally Developed Power from the Equivalent Circuit for Single-Phase Induction Motors -- Determination of Input Conditions and Internally Developed Power from the Approximate Equivalent Circuit for Single-Phase Induction Motors -- Loss and Efficiency Calculations from the Equivalent Circuit of the Single-Phase Induction Motor -- Starting-Torque Calculation for a Capacitor Motor -- Starting Torque for a Resistance-Start Split-Phase Motor -- Shaded-Pole Motor Losses and Efficiency -- Synchronous Speed and Developed Torque for a Reluctance Motor -- Maximum Value of Average Mechanical Power for a Reluctance Motor -- Breakdown Torque–Speed Relationship for a Fractional-Horsepower Motor -- Field and Armature-Winding Design of a Repulsion Motor -- AC/DC Torque Comparison and Mechanical Power for a Universal Motor -- Single-Phase Series Motor (Universal) Equivalent Circuit and Phasor Diagram -- Bibliography -- 7. Section 7: Synchronous Machines -- Per-Unit Base Quantities -- Per-Unit Direct-Axis Reactances -- Per-Unit Quadrature-Axis Reactances -- Per-Unit Open-Circuit Time Constants -- Per-Unit Short-Circuit Time Constants -- Steady-State Phasor Diagram -- Generator-Capability Curve -- Generator Regulation -- Generator Short-Circuit Ratio -- Power Output and Power Factor -- Generator Efficiency -- Synchronizing Power Coefficient -- Generator Grounding Transformer and Resistor -- Power-Factor Improvement -- Bibliography -- 8. Section 8: Generation of Electric Power -- Major Parameter Decisions -- Optimum Electric-Power-Generating Unit -- Annual Capacity Factor -- Annual Fixed-Charge Rate -- Fuel Costs -- Average Net Heat Rates -- Construction of Screening Curve -- Noncoincident and Coincident Maximum Predicted Annual Loads -- Required Planning Reserve Margin -- Ratings of Commercially Available Systems -- Hydropower-Generating Stations -- Largest Units and Plant Ratings Used in Generating-System Expansion Plans -- Alternative Generating-System Expansion Plans -- Generator Ratings for Installed Units -- Optimum Plant Design -- Annual Operation and Maintenance Costs vs. Installed Capital Costs -- Thermal Efficiency vs. Installed Capital and/or Annual Operation and Maintenance Costs -- Replacement Fuel Cost -- Capability Penalty -- Bibliography -- 9. Section 9: Overhead Transmission Lines and Underground Cables -- Introduction -- Conductor Resistance -- Inductance of a Single Isolated Wire -- Inductance of a Two-Wire Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance of a Two-Wire Transmission Line -- Inductance of a Stranded-Conductor Transmission Line -- Inductance of Three-Phase Transmission Lines -- Per-Phase Inductive Reactance of Three-Phase Lines -- Inductance of a Multiconductor Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance of a Multiconductor Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance of a Bundled Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance Determined by Using Tables -- Effect of Mutual Flux Linkage -- Inductive Impedances of Multiconductor Transmission Lines Including Ground-Return Corrections -- Inductive Sequence Impedances of Three-Phase Transmission Lines -- Inductive Reactance of Cables in Ducts or Conduit -- Inductive Impedances of Multiconductor Underground Cables Including Ground-Return Corrections -- Inductive Sequence Impedances of Three-Phase Underground Cables -- Charging Current and Capacitive Reactive Power Associated with Transmission Lines -- Capacitance of a Two-Wire Line -- Capacitive Reactance of a Two-Wire Line -- Capacitance of Three-Phase Lines -- Per-Phase Capacitive Reactance of Three-Phase Lines -- Capacitive Susceptances of Multiconductor Transmission Lines -- Capacitive Sequence Susceptances of Three-Phase Transmission Lines -- Capacitive Susceptances Associated with Underground Cables -- Transmission-Line Models for Power-Frequency Studies -- Medium Transmission-Line Models for Power-Frequency Studies -- Long Transmission-Line Models for Power-Frequency Studies -- Complex Power -- Surge Impedance Loading -- Bibliography.
10. Section 10: Electric Power Networks -- Power System Representation: Generators, Motors, Transformers, and Lines -- Per-Unit Method of Solving Three-Phase Problems -- Per-Unit Bases for Three-Phase Short-Circuit Calculations -- Changing the Base of Per-Unit Quantities -- Wye-Delta and Delta-Wye Conversions -- Per-Unit Reactances of Three-Winding Transformers -- Calculation of Complex Power -- Checking Voltage Phase Sequence with Lamps -- Total Power in Balanced Three-Phase System -- Division of Load between Transformers in Parallel -- Phase Shift in Wye-Delta Transformer Banks -- Calculation of Real Power, Reactive Power, Apparent Power, and Power Factor -- Power Diagram -- Static Capacitors Used to Improve Power Factor -- Three-Phase Synchronous Motor Used to Correct Power Factor -- Power Calculation of Two-Winding Transformer Connected as an Autotransformer -- Two-Wattmeter Method for Determining the Power of a Three-Phase Load -- Open-Delta Transformer Operation -- Real and Reactive Power of a Three-Phase Motor in Parallel with a Balanced-Delta Load -- Bibliography -- 11. Section 11: Power Flow Analysis in Power Systems -- Introduction -- Nomenclature -- Developing Power Flow Equations -- Power Flow Solution -- Gauss-Seidel (G-S) Method for Power Flow Solution -- Example of Gauss-Seidel (G-S) Solution -- Newton-Raphson (N-R) Method for Power Flow Solution -- Example of Newton-Raphson (N-R) Solution -- Fast-Decoupled (F-D) Method for Power Flow Solution -- Example of Fast-Decoupled (F-D) Solution -- Concluding Remarks -- Bibliography -- 12. Section 12: Power System Control -- Introduction -- Power System Control -- Objectives of Power System Control -- Classification of Control Tools -- Assumptions Underlying Control Design in Normal Operation -- Hierarchical Control in the Regulated Electric Power Industry -- Power System Control in the Changing Industry -- Conclusions -- Bibliography -- 13. Section 13: Short-Circuit Computations -- Transformer Regulation Determined from Short-Circuit Test -- Terminal Voltage of Single-Phase Transformer at Full Load -- Voltage and Current in Balanced Three-Phase Circuits -- Three-Phase Short-Circuit Calculations -- Subtransient, Transient, and Synchronous Short-Circuit Currents -- Power in Unbalanced Three-Phase Circuits -- Determination of Phase-Sequence Components -- Properties of Phasor Oper-ators, j and a -- Complex Power Calculated with Symmetrical Components -- Impedances and Reactances to Different Sequences -- Line-to-Line Short-Circuit Calculations -- Impedance to Zero Sequence for Generators, Transformers, and Transmission Lines -- Line-to-Ground Short-Circuit Calculations -- Subtransient-Current Contribution from Motors; Circuit-Breaker Selection -- Induction-Motor Inrush Current -- Induction-Motor Short-Circuit Current -- Bus Voltages Calculated by Matrix Equation and Inversion -- Power Flow through a Transmission Line; ABCD Constants -- Bibliography -- 14. Section 14: System Grounding and Earthing -- Purpose of Grounding -- Definitions -- Basic Calculation Process -- Background -- Calculating the Estimated Resistance to Ground of Grounding/Earthing Electrodes -- Estimating the Resistance/Impedance of Complex Grounding Electrode Systems -- Calculating an Estimated Ground Potential Rise of an Electrode System (Ground Grid) -- Conclusion -- Computer Modeling Software -- Bibliography -- 15. Section 15: Power System Protection -- Introduction -- Current Transformer Connection and Sizing -- Time Overcurrent Protection of Radial Primary Distribution Systems -- Differential Protection -- Step Distance Protection -- Small Motor Protection -- Digital Protection Fundamentals -- Advanced Digital Communications -- Summary -- Bibliography -- 16. Section 16: Power System Stability -- Introduction -- Dynamic Modeling and Simulation -- Transient Stability Analysis -- Single Machine-Infinite Bus Illustration -- Program Automation -- Selecting Transient Stability Design Criteria -- Transient Stability Aids -- Selection of an Underfrequency Load-Shedding Scheme -- Steady-State Stability Analysis -- Voltage Stability Analysis -- Data Preparation for Large-Scale Dynamic Simulation -- Validation of Exciter and Governor Models -- Direct Data-Driven Stability Analysis -- Bibliography.
17. Section 17: Cogeneration -- Introduction -- Power Output Developed by Turbine Stages -- Generator and Mechanical Losses -- Boiler-Feed and Condensate Pump Power Consumption -- Gross and Net Power Output -- Heat and Fuel Consumption -- Heat Rate -- Feedwater-Heater Heat Balance -- Gas-Turbine-Based Cogeneration Plant -- Gas-Turbine Output and Heat Rate in Cogeneration-Plant Mode -- Comparative Analysis of STCP and GTCP -- Bibliography -- 18. Section 18: Stationary Batteries -- Selection -- Ratings -- C Rate -- Calculating Battery End Voltage for a DC System -- Sizing Methods—Constant Current -- Sizing Methods—Constant Power -- Determining the Current of a Constant-Power Load -- Number of Positive Plates -- Discharge Characteristics -- Using Fan Curves -- Using S Curves -- Using K Factors -- Voltage Depression—Nickel-Cadmium on Float Charge -- Number of Cells for a 48-V System -- Number of Cells for 125- and 250-V Systems -- Selecting Nickel-Cadmium Cells -- Load Profiles -- Profile for Random Load -- Loads Occurring during First Minute -- Sizing Battery for Single-Load Profile -- Sizing Battery for Multiple-Load Profile -- Ampere-Hour Capacity -- Sizing Battery for Constant Power -- Calculating Battery Short-Circuit Current -- Charger Size -- Recharging Nickel-Cadmium Batteries—Constant Current -- Temperature and Altitude Derating for Chargers -- Calculation of the Sulfuric Acid (H_2SO_4) Content of Electrolyte -- Bibliography -- 19. Section 19: Electric Energy Economic Models -- Free Trade versus Fair Trade -- The Economic Growth Model -- Economies of Scale -- Competition within a Utility -- Economic Dispatch -- Avoided Cost -- Independent System Operators -- Handling Competition on Microgrids -- Rate Making -- Class Cost of Service -- Rate Design -- Rating Periods -- Fuel Clauses -- Free Trade Pricing of Distribution Wires -- Bibliography -- 20. Section 20: Lighting Design -- Introduction -- Average Illuminance -- Illuminance at a Point -- Lighting System for an Indoor Industrial Area -- Lighting System for an Outdoor Area -- Roadway Lighting System -- Bibliography -- 21. Section 21: Power Electronics -- Introduction -- Nomenclature -- Power Electronics Switches -- DC to DC Conversion -- AC to DC Conversion -- DC to AC Conversion -- Bibliography -- 22. Section 22: Alternate Energy Sources -- Introduction -- Wind Power Conversion -- Solar Power Conversion -- Uncertainty Analysis -- Planning and Investment on Alternate Energy Sources -- Bibliography -- 23. Section 23: Power Quality -- Introduction -- Voltage Sag Analysis -- Voltage Swell Analysis -- Electrical Transient Phenomena -- Harmonics in Power System -- Bibliography -- 24. Section 24: Smart Grids -- Defining the Smart Grid -- Purposes of a Smart Grid -- Related Calculations -- Bibliography.
Resumen: Fully revised to include calculations needed for the latest technologies, this essential tool for electrical engineers and technicians provides the step-by-step procedures required to solve a wide array of electric power problems.
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Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

A. About the Editors -- B. Preface -- C. Acknowledgments -- D. Contributors -- E. Other Electrical Power Engineering Books of Interest -- 1. Section 1: Basic Network Analysis -- Series-Parallel DC Network Analysis -- Branch-Current Analysis of a DC Network -- Mesh Analysis of a DC Network -- Nodal Analysis of a DC Network -- DC Network Solution Using Superposition Theorem -- DC Network Solution Using Thevenin's Theorem -- DC Network Solution Using Norton's Theorem -- Balanced DC Bridge Network -- Unbalanced DC Bridge Network -- Analysis of a Sinusoidal Wave -- Analysis of a Square Wave -- Analysis of an Offset Wave -- Circuit Response to a Nonsinusoidal Input Consisting of a DC Voltage in Series with an AC Voltage -- Steady-State AC Analysis of a Series RLC Circuit -- Steady-State AC Analysis of a Parallel RLC Circuit -- Analysis of a Series-Parallel AC Network -- Analysis of Power in an AC Circuit -- Analysis of Power Factor and Reactive Factor -- Power-Factor Correction -- Maximum Power Transfer in an AC Circuit -- Analysis of a Balanced Wye-Wye System -- Analysis of a Balanced Delta-Delta System -- Response of an Integrator to a Rectangular Pulse -- Bibliography -- 2. Section 2: Instrumentation -- Introduction -- Voltage Measurement -- Current Measurement -- Power Measurement Using a Single-Phase Wattmeter -- Power Measurement Using a Three-Phase Wattmeter -- Reactive-Power Measurement -- Power-Factor Measurement -- Electric Energy Metering -- Electric Peak-Power Demand Metering -- Nonelectrical Measurements -- Bibliography -- 3. Section 3: DC Motors and Generators -- DC Generator Used as a Tachometer, Speed/Voltage Measurement -- Separately Excited DC Generator's Rated Conditions from No-Load Saturation Curve -- Terminal Conditions Calculated for a DC Compound Generator -- Added Series Field Calculated to Produce Flat Compounding in a DC Generator -- Calculation of Interpole Windings for a DC Generator -- Design of Compensating Windings for a DC Machine -- Stator and Armature Resistance Calculations in a DC Self-Excited Generator -- Efficiency Calculation for a DC Shunt Generator -- Torque and Efficiency Calculations for a Separately Excited DC Motor -- Design of a Manual Starter for a DC Shunt Motor -- Consideration of Duty Cycle Used to Select a DC Motor -- Calculation of Armature Reaction in a DC Shunt Motor -- Dynamic Braking for a Separately Excited DC Motor -- Three-Phase SCR Drive for a DC Motor -- DC Shunt-Motor Speed Determined from Armature Current and No-Load Saturation Curve -- Chopper Drive for a DC Motor -- Design of a Counter-EMF Automatic Starter for a DC Shunt Motor -- Bibliography -- 4. Section 4: Transformers -- Analysis of Transformer Turns Ratio -- Analysis of a Step-Up Transformer -- Analysis of a Transformer Connected to a Load -- Selection of a Transformer for Impedance Matching -- Performance of a Transformer with Multiple Secondaries -- Impedance Transformation of a Three-Winding Transformer -- Selection of a Transformer with Tapped Secondaries -- Transformer Characteristics and Performance -- Performance and Analysis of a Transformer with a Lagging Power-Factor Load -- Performance and Analysis of a Transformer with a Leading Power-Factor Load -- Calculation of Transformer Voltage Regulation -- Calculation of Efficiency -- Analysis of Transformer Operation at Maximum Efficiency -- Calculation of All-Day Efficiency -- Selection of Transformer to Supply a Cyclic Load -- Analysis of Transformer under Short-Circuit Conditions -- Calculation of Parameters in the Equivalent Circuit of Power Transformer by Using the Open-Circuit and Short-Circuit Tests -- Performance of a Step-Up Autotransformer (Buck/Boost Transformer in Boost Mode) -- Analysis of a Delta-Wye Three-Phase Transformer Bank Used as a Generator-Step-Up Transformer -- Performance of an Open Delta or Vee-Vee System -- Analysis of a Scott-Connected System -- Bibliography.

5. Section 5: Three-Phase Induction Motors -- Introduction -- Equivalent Circuit -- Determination of Equivalent Circuit Parameters -- Performance Characteristics -- Plugging -- Braking -- Autotransformer Starting -- Resistance Starting -- Reactance Starting -- Series-Parallel Starting -- Multistep Starting -- Speed Control -- Line-Voltage Control -- Frequency Control -- Selection of Motor Starting and Speed Control -- Motor Selection for a Constant Load -- Motor Selection for a Variable Load -- Bibliography -- 6. Section 6: Single-Phase Motors -- Equivalent Circuit of a Single-Phase Induction Motor Determined from No-Load and Locked-Rotor Tests -- Torque and Efficiency Calculations for a Single-Phase Induction Motor -- Determination of Input Conditions and Internally Developed Power from the Equivalent Circuit for Single-Phase Induction Motors -- Determination of Input Conditions and Internally Developed Power from the Approximate Equivalent Circuit for Single-Phase Induction Motors -- Loss and Efficiency Calculations from the Equivalent Circuit of the Single-Phase Induction Motor -- Starting-Torque Calculation for a Capacitor Motor -- Starting Torque for a Resistance-Start Split-Phase Motor -- Shaded-Pole Motor Losses and Efficiency -- Synchronous Speed and Developed Torque for a Reluctance Motor -- Maximum Value of Average Mechanical Power for a Reluctance Motor -- Breakdown Torque–Speed Relationship for a Fractional-Horsepower Motor -- Field and Armature-Winding Design of a Repulsion Motor -- AC/DC Torque Comparison and Mechanical Power for a Universal Motor -- Single-Phase Series Motor (Universal) Equivalent Circuit and Phasor Diagram -- Bibliography -- 7. Section 7: Synchronous Machines -- Per-Unit Base Quantities -- Per-Unit Direct-Axis Reactances -- Per-Unit Quadrature-Axis Reactances -- Per-Unit Open-Circuit Time Constants -- Per-Unit Short-Circuit Time Constants -- Steady-State Phasor Diagram -- Generator-Capability Curve -- Generator Regulation -- Generator Short-Circuit Ratio -- Power Output and Power Factor -- Generator Efficiency -- Synchronizing Power Coefficient -- Generator Grounding Transformer and Resistor -- Power-Factor Improvement -- Bibliography -- 8. Section 8: Generation of Electric Power -- Major Parameter Decisions -- Optimum Electric-Power-Generating Unit -- Annual Capacity Factor -- Annual Fixed-Charge Rate -- Fuel Costs -- Average Net Heat Rates -- Construction of Screening Curve -- Noncoincident and Coincident Maximum Predicted Annual Loads -- Required Planning Reserve Margin -- Ratings of Commercially Available Systems -- Hydropower-Generating Stations -- Largest Units and Plant Ratings Used in Generating-System Expansion Plans -- Alternative Generating-System Expansion Plans -- Generator Ratings for Installed Units -- Optimum Plant Design -- Annual Operation and Maintenance Costs vs. Installed Capital Costs -- Thermal Efficiency vs. Installed Capital and/or Annual Operation and Maintenance Costs -- Replacement Fuel Cost -- Capability Penalty -- Bibliography -- 9. Section 9: Overhead Transmission Lines and Underground Cables -- Introduction -- Conductor Resistance -- Inductance of a Single Isolated Wire -- Inductance of a Two-Wire Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance of a Two-Wire Transmission Line -- Inductance of a Stranded-Conductor Transmission Line -- Inductance of Three-Phase Transmission Lines -- Per-Phase Inductive Reactance of Three-Phase Lines -- Inductance of a Multiconductor Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance of a Multiconductor Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance of a Bundled Transmission Line -- Inductive Reactance Determined by Using Tables -- Effect of Mutual Flux Linkage -- Inductive Impedances of Multiconductor Transmission Lines Including Ground-Return Corrections -- Inductive Sequence Impedances of Three-Phase Transmission Lines -- Inductive Reactance of Cables in Ducts or Conduit -- Inductive Impedances of Multiconductor Underground Cables Including Ground-Return Corrections -- Inductive Sequence Impedances of Three-Phase Underground Cables -- Charging Current and Capacitive Reactive Power Associated with Transmission Lines -- Capacitance of a Two-Wire Line -- Capacitive Reactance of a Two-Wire Line -- Capacitance of Three-Phase Lines -- Per-Phase Capacitive Reactance of Three-Phase Lines -- Capacitive Susceptances of Multiconductor Transmission Lines -- Capacitive Sequence Susceptances of Three-Phase Transmission Lines -- Capacitive Susceptances Associated with Underground Cables -- Transmission-Line Models for Power-Frequency Studies -- Medium Transmission-Line Models for Power-Frequency Studies -- Long Transmission-Line Models for Power-Frequency Studies -- Complex Power -- Surge Impedance Loading -- Bibliography.

10. Section 10: Electric Power Networks -- Power System Representation: Generators, Motors, Transformers, and Lines -- Per-Unit Method of Solving Three-Phase Problems -- Per-Unit Bases for Three-Phase Short-Circuit Calculations -- Changing the Base of Per-Unit Quantities -- Wye-Delta and Delta-Wye Conversions -- Per-Unit Reactances of Three-Winding Transformers -- Calculation of Complex Power -- Checking Voltage Phase Sequence with Lamps -- Total Power in Balanced Three-Phase System -- Division of Load between Transformers in Parallel -- Phase Shift in Wye-Delta Transformer Banks -- Calculation of Real Power, Reactive Power, Apparent Power, and Power Factor -- Power Diagram -- Static Capacitors Used to Improve Power Factor -- Three-Phase Synchronous Motor Used to Correct Power Factor -- Power Calculation of Two-Winding Transformer Connected as an Autotransformer -- Two-Wattmeter Method for Determining the Power of a Three-Phase Load -- Open-Delta Transformer Operation -- Real and Reactive Power of a Three-Phase Motor in Parallel with a Balanced-Delta Load -- Bibliography -- 11. Section 11: Power Flow Analysis in Power Systems -- Introduction -- Nomenclature -- Developing Power Flow Equations -- Power Flow Solution -- Gauss-Seidel (G-S) Method for Power Flow Solution -- Example of Gauss-Seidel (G-S) Solution -- Newton-Raphson (N-R) Method for Power Flow Solution -- Example of Newton-Raphson (N-R) Solution -- Fast-Decoupled (F-D) Method for Power Flow Solution -- Example of Fast-Decoupled (F-D) Solution -- Concluding Remarks -- Bibliography -- 12. Section 12: Power System Control -- Introduction -- Power System Control -- Objectives of Power System Control -- Classification of Control Tools -- Assumptions Underlying Control Design in Normal Operation -- Hierarchical Control in the Regulated Electric Power Industry -- Power System Control in the Changing Industry -- Conclusions -- Bibliography -- 13. Section 13: Short-Circuit Computations -- Transformer Regulation Determined from Short-Circuit Test -- Terminal Voltage of Single-Phase Transformer at Full Load -- Voltage and Current in Balanced Three-Phase Circuits -- Three-Phase Short-Circuit Calculations -- Subtransient, Transient, and Synchronous Short-Circuit Currents -- Power in Unbalanced Three-Phase Circuits -- Determination of Phase-Sequence Components -- Properties of Phasor Oper-ators, j and a -- Complex Power Calculated with Symmetrical Components -- Impedances and Reactances to Different Sequences -- Line-to-Line Short-Circuit Calculations -- Impedance to Zero Sequence for Generators, Transformers, and Transmission Lines -- Line-to-Ground Short-Circuit Calculations -- Subtransient-Current Contribution from Motors; Circuit-Breaker Selection -- Induction-Motor Inrush Current -- Induction-Motor Short-Circuit Current -- Bus Voltages Calculated by Matrix Equation and Inversion -- Power Flow through a Transmission Line; ABCD Constants -- Bibliography -- 14. Section 14: System Grounding and Earthing -- Purpose of Grounding -- Definitions -- Basic Calculation Process -- Background -- Calculating the Estimated Resistance to Ground of Grounding/Earthing Electrodes -- Estimating the Resistance/Impedance of Complex Grounding Electrode Systems -- Calculating an Estimated Ground Potential Rise of an Electrode System (Ground Grid) -- Conclusion -- Computer Modeling Software -- Bibliography -- 15. Section 15: Power System Protection -- Introduction -- Current Transformer Connection and Sizing -- Time Overcurrent Protection of Radial Primary Distribution Systems -- Differential Protection -- Step Distance Protection -- Small Motor Protection -- Digital Protection Fundamentals -- Advanced Digital Communications -- Summary -- Bibliography -- 16. Section 16: Power System Stability -- Introduction -- Dynamic Modeling and Simulation -- Transient Stability Analysis -- Single Machine-Infinite Bus Illustration -- Program Automation -- Selecting Transient Stability Design Criteria -- Transient Stability Aids -- Selection of an Underfrequency Load-Shedding Scheme -- Steady-State Stability Analysis -- Voltage Stability Analysis -- Data Preparation for Large-Scale Dynamic Simulation -- Validation of Exciter and Governor Models -- Direct Data-Driven Stability Analysis -- Bibliography.

17. Section 17: Cogeneration -- Introduction -- Power Output Developed by Turbine Stages -- Generator and Mechanical Losses -- Boiler-Feed and Condensate Pump Power Consumption -- Gross and Net Power Output -- Heat and Fuel Consumption -- Heat Rate -- Feedwater-Heater Heat Balance -- Gas-Turbine-Based Cogeneration Plant -- Gas-Turbine Output and Heat Rate in Cogeneration-Plant Mode -- Comparative Analysis of STCP and GTCP -- Bibliography -- 18. Section 18: Stationary Batteries -- Selection -- Ratings -- C Rate -- Calculating Battery End Voltage for a DC System -- Sizing Methods—Constant Current -- Sizing Methods—Constant Power -- Determining the Current of a Constant-Power Load -- Number of Positive Plates -- Discharge Characteristics -- Using Fan Curves -- Using S Curves -- Using K Factors -- Voltage Depression—Nickel-Cadmium on Float Charge -- Number of Cells for a 48-V System -- Number of Cells for 125- and 250-V Systems -- Selecting Nickel-Cadmium Cells -- Load Profiles -- Profile for Random Load -- Loads Occurring during First Minute -- Sizing Battery for Single-Load Profile -- Sizing Battery for Multiple-Load Profile -- Ampere-Hour Capacity -- Sizing Battery for Constant Power -- Calculating Battery Short-Circuit Current -- Charger Size -- Recharging Nickel-Cadmium Batteries—Constant Current -- Temperature and Altitude Derating for Chargers -- Calculation of the Sulfuric Acid (H_2SO_4) Content of Electrolyte -- Bibliography -- 19. Section 19: Electric Energy Economic Models -- Free Trade versus Fair Trade -- The Economic Growth Model -- Economies of Scale -- Competition within a Utility -- Economic Dispatch -- Avoided Cost -- Independent System Operators -- Handling Competition on Microgrids -- Rate Making -- Class Cost of Service -- Rate Design -- Rating Periods -- Fuel Clauses -- Free Trade Pricing of Distribution Wires -- Bibliography -- 20. Section 20: Lighting Design -- Introduction -- Average Illuminance -- Illuminance at a Point -- Lighting System for an Indoor Industrial Area -- Lighting System for an Outdoor Area -- Roadway Lighting System -- Bibliography -- 21. Section 21: Power Electronics -- Introduction -- Nomenclature -- Power Electronics Switches -- DC to DC Conversion -- AC to DC Conversion -- DC to AC Conversion -- Bibliography -- 22. Section 22: Alternate Energy Sources -- Introduction -- Wind Power Conversion -- Solar Power Conversion -- Uncertainty Analysis -- Planning and Investment on Alternate Energy Sources -- Bibliography -- 23. Section 23: Power Quality -- Introduction -- Voltage Sag Analysis -- Voltage Swell Analysis -- Electrical Transient Phenomena -- Harmonics in Power System -- Bibliography -- 24. Section 24: Smart Grids -- Defining the Smart Grid -- Purposes of a Smart Grid -- Related Calculations -- Bibliography.

Fully revised to include calculations needed for the latest technologies, this essential tool for electrical engineers and technicians provides the step-by-step procedures required to solve a wide array of electric power problems.

Also issued in print and PDF version.

Description based on cover image and table of contents, viewed on October 23, 2015.


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