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Indoor air quality handbook [electronic resource] / John D. Spengler, Jonathan M. Samet, John F. McCarthy, editors.

Colaborador(es): Spengler, John D | Samet, Jonathan M | McCarthy, John F, 1947-.
Tipo de material: TextoTextoSeries McGraw-Hill's AccessEngineering: Editor: New York : McGraw-Hill, [2001]Descripción: 1 electronic text : ill.ISBN: 9780074455494.Tema(s): Housing and health | Indoor air pollution | Day care centers -- Health aspects | Sick building syndrome | Air conditioning -- Health aspects | Buildings -- Environmental engineering | Fire prevention -- research | Tobacco smoke pollutionGénero/Forma: Electronic books. | Internet resources.Clasificación CDD: 613/.5 Recursos en línea: Subscription required Also issued in print.
Contenidos:
http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/mh021/00048024.html
Introduction -- Building systems -- Human responses -- Indoor pollutants -- Assessing IAQ -- Preventing indoor environmental problems -- Special indoor environments -- Risk assessment and litigation.
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Recurso Electrónico Recurso Electrónico Biblioteca Fundación Área Andina - Pereira
Colección digital Disponible
Recurso Electrónico Recurso Electrónico Biblioteca Fundación Área Andina - Valledupar
Colección digital Disponible
Recurso Electrónico Recurso Electrónico Biblioteca General Fundación Área Andina - Bogotá
Colección digital Disponible

Print version c2001.

Includes bibliographical references.

http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/mh021/00048024.html

Pt. 1. Introduction -- Pt. 2. Building systems -- Pt. 3. Human responses -- Pt. 4. Indoor pollutants -- Pt. 5. Assessing IAQ -- Pt. 6. Preventing indoor environmental problems -- Pt. 7. Special indoor environments -- Pt. 8. Risk assessment and litigation.

A. Dedication -- B. CONTRIBUTORS -- C. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- A. PART 1: INTRODUCTION -- 1. INTRODUCTION TO THE IAQ HANDBOOK -- INTRODUCTION TO THE HANDBOOK -- ORGANIZATION OF THE INDOOR AIR QUALITY HANDBOOK -- HISTORY OF RESEARCH ON INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- THE ROLES OF PROFESSIONALS IN INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- REFERENCES -- 2. THE HISTORY AND FUTURE OF VENTILATION -- THE HISTORY OF BUILDING VENTILATION -- THE CONTEMPORARY APPROACH TO VENTILATION -- FUTURE DIRECTIONS IN VENTILATION -- REFERENCES -- 3. SICK BUILDING SYNDROME STUDIES AND THE COMPILATION OF NORMATIVE AND COMPARATIVE VALUES -- INTRODUCTION -- EUROPEAN STUDIES -- UNITED STATES STUDIES -- DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- 4. ESTIMATES OF POTENTIAL NATIONWIDE PRODUCTIVITY AND HEALTH BENEFITS FROM BETTER INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS: AN UPDATE -- INTRODUCTION -- APPROACH -- LINKAGE OF BUILDING AND INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS TO HEALTH AND PRODUCTIVITY -- EXAMPLE COST-BENEFIT ANALYSES -- CONCLUSIONS -- IMPLICATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 5. INDOOR AIR QUALITY FACTORS IN DESIGNING A HEALTHY BUILDING -- INTRODUCTION -- IAQ HEALTH FACTORS -- THE BUILDING CONSTRUCTION PROCESS -- HEALTHY BUILDING DESIGN -- TOOLS FOR DESIGNING VENTILATION -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- INTERNET RESOURCES -- B. PART 2: BUILDING SYSTEMS -- 6. AN OVERVIEW OF THE U.S. BUILDING STOCK -- INTRODUCTION TO THE U.S. BUILDING STOCK -- CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EXISTING U.S. HOUSING STOCK -- CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NEW U.S. HOUSING STOCK -- TRENDS IN NEW HOUSING CONSTRUCTION -- CHARACTERISTICS OF EXISTING U.S. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS -- CHARACTERISTICS OF NEW U.S. COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS -- TRENDS IN NEW COMMERCIAL CONSTRUCTION -- REFERENCES -- 7. HVAC SYSTEMS -- DESCRIPTIONS OF HVAC SYSTEMS -- INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS OF HVAC SYSTEMS -- FUNCTIONS OF HVAC SYSTEMS -- OVERVIEW OF TYPES OF HVAC SYSTEMS -- CONTROL OF THE HVAC SYSTEM -- REFERENCES -- 8. HVAC SUBSYSTEMS -- DUCTS, PLENUMS, AND DIFFUSERS -- HEAT EXCHANGERS -- HUMIDIFICATION AND BUILDING ENVELOPE -- DRYERS -- COOLING TOWERS -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 9. AIR CLEANING-PARTICLES -- INTRODUCTION -- BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF AEROSOLS -- PARTICLE REMOVAL BY FILTERS, ELECTRONIC AIR CLEANERS, CYCLONES, AND SCRUBBERS -- FILTER TYPES BY FILTER MEDIA AND CONSTRUCTION -- RATING FILTER AND ESP PERFORMANCE: TEST METHODS AND STANDARDS -- APPLICATIONS -- ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS -- REFERENCES -- SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING -- 10. REMOVAL OF GASES AND VAPORS -- INTRODUCTION -- ADSORPTION -- CHEMISORPTION -- OTHER PROCESSES -- RESOURCES FOR FURTHER READING -- REFERENCES.

11. DISINFECTING AIR -- INTRODUCTION AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND -- AIR DISINFECTION STRATEGIES -- DROPLET NUCLEI TRANSMISSION -- PRINCIPLES OF AIR DISINFECTION -- CURRENT METHODS OF AIR DISINFECTION -- VENTILATION FOR CONTROL OF AIRBORNE INFECTION -- SOURCE STRENGTH AND THE CONCENTRATION OF DROPLET NUCLEI -- AIR SAMPLING FOR TUBERCULOSIS -- AIR FILTRATION FOR CONTROL OF AIRBORNE INFECTION -- ULTRAVIOLET GERMICIDAL IRRADIATION -- NOVEL APPROACHES TO AIR DISINFECTION: DISPLACEMENT VENTILATION -- REFERENCES -- 12. CONTROLLING BUILDING FUNCTIONS -- INTRODUCTION -- HVAC COMPONENTS -- HVAC CONTROL FUNCTIONS -- INDIVIDUAL CONTROL -- LIGHTING CONTROLS -- SMOKE AND FIRE CONTROL -- REFERENCES -- 13. VENTILATION STRATEGIES -- SUMMARY AND INTRODUCTION -- NATURAL VENTILATION -- MECHANICAL VENTILATION -- REFERENCES -- 14. BUILDING FIRES AND SMOKE MANAGEMENT -- INTRODUCTION -- TENABILITY -- PRESSURIZATION SYSTEMS -- COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF PRESSURIZATION SYSTEMS -- STAIRWELL PRESSURIZATION -- ELEVATOR SMOKE CONTROL -- ZONED SMOKE CONTROL -- ATRIUM SMOKE MANAGEMENT -- SCALE MODELING -- CFD MODELING -- REFERENCES -- C. PART 3: HUMAN RESPONSES -- 15. THERMAL COMFORT CONCEPTS AND GUIDELINES -- INTRODUCTION -- A DEFINITION OF THERMAL COMFORT -- HEAT TRANSFER MECHANISMS -- BASIC PARAMETERS -- PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR COMFORT -- PSYCHOLOGICAL BASIS FOR COMFORT -- STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES -- CURRENT MODELS -- REFERENCES -- 16. THERMAL EFFECTS ON PERFORMANCE -- INTRODUCTION -- THE MECHANISMS THAT CAUSE THERMAL EFFECTS -- THERMAL EFFECTS ON SBS AND ON SENSATIONS OF DRYNESS -- THERMAL GRADIENTS -- THERMAL EFFECTS ON PERFORMANCE IN VEHICLES -- THERMAL COMFORT AND ITS RELATION TO PERFORMANCE -- THERMAL EFFECTS ON ACCIDENTS IN INDUSTRY -- THE EFFECTS OF COLD ON MANUAL DEXTERITY -- THE EFFECTS OF HEAT ON LIGHT INDUSTRIAL WORK -- THERMAL EFFECTS ON MENTAL PERFORMANCE -- THE NEED FOR INDIVIDUAL CONTROL -- ESTIMATING PRODUCTIVITY FROM PERFORMANCE -- REFERENCES -- 17. THE IRRITATED EYE IN THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT-PHYSIOLOGY, PREVALENCE, AND CAUSES -- MORPHOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE OUTER EYE -- EYE IRRITATION AND INDOOR AIR POLLUTION -- PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES OF THE OUTER EYE MEASURED IN INDOOR-RELATED STUDIES -- IRRITATION INDOORS AND RELATION TO AIRBORNE POLLUTANTS -- REFERENCES -- 18. LIGHTING RECOMMENDATIONS -- INTRODUCTION -- LIGHTING SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY -- BASIC LIGHTING CONCEPTS -- DISTRIBUTION -- COLOR -- VISIBILITY -- GLARE -- LUMINANCE RATIOS -- MEASUREMENT TOOLS -- MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES -- LIGHTING FOR SUBJECTIVE EFFECT -- PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF LIGHTING -- REFERENCES -- 19. THE ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT: RESPONSES TO SOUND -- INTRODUCTION -- ACOUSTIC FUNDAMENTALS -- NOISE FROM HVAC SYSTEMS -- INFRASOUND -- THE EFFECTS OF INDOOR NOISE -- ACCEPTABLE INDOOR NOISE LEVELS -- ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENTS -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 20. PHYSICOCHEMICAL BASIS FOR ODOR AND IRRITATION POTENCY OF VOCs -- THE SENSORY RECEPTORS FOR OLFACTION AND CHEMESTHESIS -- FUNCTIONAL SEPARATION OF ODOR AND IRRITATION -- CHEMOSENSORY DETECTION THRESHOLDS ALONG CHEMICAL SERIES -- DESCRIPTION AND PREDICTION OF CHEMOSENSORY THRESHOLDS VIA PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES -- CHEMOSENSORY DETECTION OF MIXTURES -- NEEDS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH -- SUMMARY -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.

21. RESPONSE TO ODORS -- THE NOSE AND HOW IT SERVES US -- HOW DO WE SMELL? -- APPLICATION OF ODOR MEASUREMENTS IN INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS -- INDOOR ODOR SOURCES, ODOR COMPOUNDS, AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 22. PERCEIVED AIR QUALITY AND VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS -- HISTORICAL BACKGROUND -- BIOEFFLUENTS -- SENSORY UNITS -- SENSORY POLLUTION LOAD -- VENTILATION REQUIREMENT -- A GENERALIZED COMFORT MODEL -- ADAPTATION -- ENTHALPY -- MEASUREMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 23. ANIMAL BIOASSAYS FOR EVALUATION OF INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- INTRODUCTION -- BIOASSAY FOR EVALUATION OF SENSORY AND PULMONARY IRRITATION -- TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE SENSORY AND PULMONARY IRRITATION BIOASSAY -- VALIDATION OF THE SENSORY AND PULMONARY IRRITATION BIOASSAY AND APPLICATIONS -- CALIBRATION OF THE SENSORY AND PULMONARY IRRITATION BIOASSAY AND APPLICATIONS -- ADAPTATION OF THE ASTM E 981 STANDARD METHOD FOR INVESTIGATING MIXTURES -- MIXTURE GENERATING SYSTEMS -- NATURE OF SENSORY IRRITATING VOCs -- NATURE OF THE TRIGEMINAL RECEPTOR OR RECEPTOR PHASE -- ESTIMATING EQUATIONS TO DERIVE THE SENSORY IRRITATING POTENCY OF NRVOCs -- ESTIMATING EQUATIONS TO DERIVE THE SENSORY IRRITATION POTENCY OF RVOCs -- BIOASSAYS TO EVALUATE ASTHMATIC REACTIONS AND AIRWAYS HYPERREACTIVITY OR HYPERRESPONSIVENESS (AHR) -- RECOGNITION OF RAPID, SHALLOW BREATHING (P1) AND AIRFLOW LIMITATION OR BRONCHOCONSTRICTION (A) EFFECTS -- COUGHING -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 24. COMPUTERIZED ANIMAL BIOASSAY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTS OF AIRBORNE CHEMICALS ON THE RESPIRATORY TRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- DESCRIPTION OF THE METHOD -- ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING OF DATA -- VARIABLES MEASURED, DATA MANAGEMENT, AND DATA PRESENTATION -- BREATH CLASSIFICATION DIAGNOSIS AND DATA ANALYSIS -- LIMIT OF DETECTION OR JUST-DETECTABLE EFFECT (JDE) -- TYPICAL RESULTS -- ADVANTAGES OF THE COMPUTERIZED METHOD -- GUIDELINES FOR INVESTIGATORS USING THE COMPUTERIZED METHOD -- PROBLEMS TO BE EXPECTED WITH THE COMPUTERIZED METHOD AND THEIR SOLUTIONS -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 25. SENSORY IRRITATION IN HUMANS CAUSED BY VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOCS) AS INDOOR AIR POLLUTANTS: A SUMMARY OF 12 EXPOSURE EXPERIMENTS -- INTRODUCTION -- STUDY SUMMARIES -- DOMINATING SUBJECTIVE SYMPTOMS OF VOC EXPOSURES -- DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- 26. METHODS FOR ASSESSING IRRITATION EFFECTS IN IAQ FIELD AND LABORATORY STUDIES -- THE SENSORY IRRITANT RESPONSE -- USE OF BIOLOGIC MARKERS IN HUMANS -- METHODS FOR ASSESSING EYE IRRITATION -- METHODS FOR ASSESSING UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT IRRITATION -- APPLICATION TO IAQ FIELD STUDIES -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 27. MULTIPLE CHEMICAL INTOLERANCE AND INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- INTRODUCTION -- HISTORICAL BACKGROUND -- DEFINING SENSITIVITY AND INTOLERANCE -- PHENOMENOLOGY -- PREVALENCE AND DEMOGRAPHICS -- SYMPTOMS -- THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH MULTIPLE CHEMICAL INTOLERANCE -- RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MULTIPLE CHEMICAL INTOLERANCE AND INDOOR AIR POLLUTANTS -- CASE DEFINITIONS -- PROPOSED MECHANISMS -- MEDICAL EVALUATION AND TREATMENT -- ENVIRONMENTAL EVALUATION AND INTERVENTION -- APPENDIX: THE QEESI© -- REFERENCES.

28. ENVIRONMENTALLY INDUCED SKIN DISORDERS -- OVERVIEW -- PHYSICAL FACTORS AFFECTING THE SKIN -- CHEMICAL AGENTS -- BIOLOGICAL AGENTS -- PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS -- SICK BUILDING SYNDROME AND MULTIPLE CHEMICAL SENSITIVITY -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- D. PART 4: INDOOR POLLUTANTS -- 29. COMBUSTION PRODUCTS -- PRINCIPAL COMBUSTION PRODUCTS -- THE NATURE OF THE EVIDENCE -- CARBON MONOXIDE -- OXIDES OF NITROGEN -- SULFUR DIOXIDE, COAL SMOKE, AND OIL FUMES -- WOOD SMOKE -- SUMMARY -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 30. ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE -- INTRODUCTION -- EXPOSURE TO ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE -- HEALTH EFFECTS OF INVOLUNTARY SMOKING IN CHILDREN -- HEALTH EFFECTS OF INVOLUNTARY SMOKING IN ADULTS -- CONTROL MEASURES -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 31. VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS -- SOURCES -- EMISSIONS -- INDOOR CONCENTRATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 32. ALDEHYDES -- INTRODUCTION -- SENSORY IRRITATION -- FORMALDEHYDE -- ACETALDEHYDE -- ACROLEIN -- GLUTARALDEHYDE -- EXPOSURE GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS -- MEASUREMENT -- INDOOR AIR CHEMISTRY -- REFERENCES -- 33. ASSESSING HUMAN EXPOSURE TO VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS -- INTRODUCTION -- MEASUREMENT METHODS -- HUMAN EXPOSURE -- BODY BURDEN -- CARCINOGENIC RISK -- ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS -- DISCUSSION -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 34. POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS, PHTHALATES, AND PHENOLS -- SOURCES AND MEASURED CONCENTRATIONS IN AIR -- POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 35. PESTICIDES -- INTRODUCTION -- PESTICIDE REGULATION -- RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL BUILDING USE -- MONITORING METHODS -- OCCURRENCE, SOURCES, FATE, AND TRANSPORT IN THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT -- EXPOSURE RISKS AND HEALTH EFFECTS -- REFERENCES -- 36. POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS -- WHAT ARE PCBs? -- PCBs IN THE ENVIRONMENT -- HISTORIC USES OF PCBs THAT COULD IMPACT INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- HEALTH EFFECTS OF PCBs -- U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY TOXICITY CRITERIA FOR PCBs -- INDOOR AIR PCB CONCENTRATIONS -- REDUCING EXPOSURE TO PCBs IN INDOOR AIR -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 37. FIBERS -- INTRODUCTION -- ASBESTOS -- VITREOUS FIBERS -- CELLULOSE -- EXPOSURE ASSESSMENTS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- 38. ASBESTOS -- COMMERCIAL ASBESTOS AND HEALTH RISKS -- ASBESTOS BUILDING PRODUCTS -- ASBESTOS EXPOSURE TO BUILDING OCCUPANTS -- BUILDING INSPECTION FOR ASBESTOS -- RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR MANAGING ASBESTOS IN BUILDINGS -- REFERENCES -- 39. SYNTHETIC VITREOUS FIBERS -- CHARACTERIZATION -- MEASUREMENTS -- RESULTS -- EFFECTS -- GUIDELINES -- PREVENTION -- REFERENCES -- 40. RADON -- INTRODUCTION -- MEASUREMENT OF INDOOR RADON -- SOURCES OF EXPOSURE TO INDOOR RADON -- CONCENTRATIONS OF INDOOR RADON -- RESPIRATORY DOSIMETRY OF RADON -- EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES OF RADON AND LUNG CANCER -- ANIMAL STUDIES OF RADON AND LUNG CANCER -- RISK ASSESSMENT FOR RADON AND LUNG CANCER -- RADON CONTROL STRATEGIES -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 41. LATEX -- DEFINITION -- SOURCES -- CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS -- MEASUREMENT OF ANTIBODIES -- MEASUREMENT OF ALLERGEN CONCENTRATION IN GLOVES -- MEASUREMENT OF ALLERGEN CONCENTRATION IN AIR -- POPULATIONS AFFECTED -- STANDARDS OF EXPOSURE -- METHODS OF CONTROL -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 42. ENDOTOXINS -- INTRODUCTION -- SOURCES OF ENDOTOXIN -- HEALTH EFFECTS OF ENDOTOXIN -- SAMPLING METHODS -- METHODS OF ANALYSIS -- CONTROL METHODS -- REFERENCES -- 43. ALLERGENS DERIVED FROM ARTHROPODS AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS -- INTRODUCTION -- DUST MITES -- THE GERMAN COCKROACH: BLATTELLA GERMANICA -- ANIMAL DANDER ALLERGENS -- RATS AS A SOURCE OF AIRBORNE ALLERGEN: LABORATORY ANIMALS AND PESTS -- MEASURES USED TO DECREASE ALLERGEN CONCENTRATION IN DOMESTIC BUILDINGS -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES.

44. POLLEN IN INDOOR AIR: SOURCES, EXPOSURES, AND HEALTH EFFECTS -- INTRODUCTION -- POLLEN AND FLOWER: DESCRIPTION AND FUNCTION -- POLLEN ECOLOGY -- INDOOR POLLEN -- POLLEN SAMPLING -- HEALTH EFFECTS -- SUMMARY -- APPENDIX -- REFERENCES -- 45. THE FUNGI -- INTRODUCTION -- NATURE OF THE FUNGI -- AIRBORNE FUNGI IN THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT -- FUNGI AS AGENTS OF DISEASE -- METHODS FOR ASSESSING THE FUNGAL STATUS OF BUILDINGS -- CONTROLLING FUNGAL EXPOSURE IN BUILDINGS -- REFERENCES -- 46. TOXIGENIC FUNGI IN THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT -- INTRODUCTION -- MYCOTOXINS -- EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT -- HEALTH EFFECTS FROM MYCOTOXIN EXPOSURES -- STACHYBOTRYS CHARTARUM -- RISK ASSESSMENT -- REFERENCES -- 47. TUBERCULOSIS -- INTRODUCTION -- TUBERCULOSIS AS A DISEASE AND INDOOR HEALTH HAZARD -- TUBERCULOSIS INFECTION CONTROL RECOMMENDATIONS: OVERVIEW -- REFERENCES -- 48. LEGIONELLA -- INTRODUCTION -- BACKGROUND ON LEGIONELLA BACTERIA -- EXPOSURE TO LEGIONELLA BACTERIA -- METHODS FOR DETECTING LEGIONELLA BACTERIA -- GUIDELINES FOR REMEDIATION OF LEGIONELLA BACTERIA -- REDUCING RISKS FOR LEGIONELLA INFECTIONS -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- E. PART 5: ASSESSING IAQ -- 49. STRATEGIES AND METHODOLOGIES TO INVESTIGATE BUILDINGS -- INTRODUCTION -- TYPES OF INVESTIGATIONS -- INITIAL COMPLAINT SCREENING -- DETAILED ASSESSMENT -- QUANTITATIVE STUDIES -- COMMUNICATIONS -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- 50. TRACKING ULTRAFINE PARTICLES IN BUILDING INVESTIGATIONS -- INTRODUCTION -- INSTRUMENTS -- SOURCES -- METHODS -- CASE STUDIES -- CONCLUSION -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- 51. INSTRUMENTS AND METHODS FOR MEASURING INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- INTRODUCTION -- INSTRUMENT SELECTION PROCESS -- MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES -- QUALITY ASSURANCE ISSUES -- APPENDIX: EXAMPLE VENDORS FOR IAQ MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS -- REFERENCES -- 52. MEASURING VENTILATION PERFORMANCE -- INTRODUCTION -- INSTRUMENTATION -- MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES -- REFERENCES -- 53. ASSESSING OCCUPANT REACTION TO INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- THE ROLE OF OCCUPANT SURVEYS -- DECIDING TO CONDUCT AN OCCUPANT SURVEY -- INSTRUMENTS FOR THE SURVEY -- PROCEDURES FOR THE SURVEY -- CONCLUSION -- APPENDIX: REVISED OFFICE ENVIRONMENT SURVEY -- REFERENCES -- 54. BUILDING-RELATED DISEASES -- GENERAL APPROACHES -- LUNG DISEASE TESTING -- INTERSTITIAL LUNG DISORDERS -- ALLERGIC AIRWAYS AND UPPER AIRWAYS DISEASE -- MUCOSAL IRRITATION -- HEADACHE -- INFECTIONS -- DERMATITIS -- MISCELLANEOUS DISORDERS -- THE RESIDENTIAL ENVIRONMENT -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- 55. METHODS TO ASSESS WORKPLACE STRESS AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS -- STRESS AT WORK -- THE IAQ-STRESS LINK: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE -- INSTRUMENTS AND MEASUREMENT ISSUES -- IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- 56. COST OF RESPONDING TO COMPLAINTS -- INTRODUCTION -- STATISTICAL METHODS -- COMPLAINT LOGS -- RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF COMPLAINTS -- TEMPORAL VARIATION IN COMPLAINT FREQUENCY -- COMPLAINT TEMPERATURES -- COMPLAINT-HANDLING PROCESS -- COST AVOIDANCE POTENTIAL -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES.

57. MODELING IAQ AND BUILDING DYNAMICS -- THE INDOOR AIR ENVIRONMENT AS AN INTEGRATED DYNAMIC SYSTEM -- MATHEMATICAL REPRESENTATION OF THE INDOOR AIR ENVIRONMENT -- MODELING THE INDOOR AIR ENVIRONMENT -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- 58. INDOOR AIR QUALITY MODELING -- INTRODUCTION -- STATISTICAL MODELS -- MASS BALANCE MODELS -- COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS MODELS -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 59. APPLICATION OF COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS FOR INDOOR AIR QUALITY STUDIES -- INTRODUCTION -- THE NATURE OF AIRFLOW IN BUILDING INTERIORS -- THE LEVEL OF UNDERSTANDING REQUIRED -- FORMULATION OF THE CFD APPROACH -- GOVERNING PHYSICAL RELATIONSHIPS -- CFD TECHNIQUES -- VALIDATION OF SELECTED CFD COMPUTATIONS WITH EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS -- FLEXIBILITY AND RICH INFORMATION FROM CFD SIMULATION -- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE CFD TECHNIQUE -- APPLICATIONS OF THE CFD TECHNIQUE TO INDOOR AIR QUALITY DESIGN AND EXPOSURE PREDICTION -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- F. PART 6: PREVENTING INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS -- 60. INDOOR AIR QUALITY BY DESIGN -- INTRODUCTION -- MAJOR IAQ DESIGN STRATEGIES -- DESIGN ISSUES THAT DETERMINE INDOOR AIR QUALITY -- DESIGN SERVICES -- OUTLINE OF STEP-BY-STEP PROCESS OF GOOD IAQ DESIGN -- CONCLUSION -- SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING -- 61. BUILDING COMMISSIONING FOR MECHANICAL SYSTEMS -- INTRODUCTION -- THE COMMISSIONING PROCESS -- COST AND OFFSETS -- RECOMMISSIONING OF EXISTING BUILDINGS -- RECOMMISSIONING: A CASE IN POINT -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- 62. PREVENTION DURING REMODELING RESTORATION -- INTRODUCTION -- MATERIAL SELECTION -- ENGINEERING CONTROLS -- WORK PRACTICES -- SENSITIVE ENVIRONMENTS -- SPECIAL SITUATIONS -- MONITORING DEVICES -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- 63. PREVENTION AND MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS -- INTRODUCTION -- STATISTICS ON THE CAUSE OF IAQ PROBLEMS -- PREVENTION -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- 64. PREVENTION WITH CLEANING -- INTRODUCTION -- INDOOR SURFACE POLLUTANTS -- DUST SOURCES -- TRANSPORT MECHANISMS -- HEALTH EFFECTS -- CLEANING METHODS -- ASSESSMENT OF CLEANING QUALITY -- CLEANING RESEARCH -- CLEANING AS A SOURCE OF INDOOR AIR POLLUTANTS -- OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH OF CLEANING WORKERS -- REFERENCES -- G. PART 7: SPECIAL INDOOR ENVIRONMENTS -- 65. INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IN HOSPITALS -- INTRODUCTION -- EXPOSURE TYPES -- EMERGING HAZARDS -- ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- 66. RESIDENTIAL EXPOSURE TO VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM NEARBY COMMERCIAL FACILITIES -- INTRODUCTION -- NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH INDOOR AIR STUDIES -- NYSDOH AND USEPA RESULTS -- DISCUSSION -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.

67. RECREATION BUILDINGS -- INTRODUCTION -- ICE ARENAS -- OTHER INDOOR VEHICLE EXPOSURES -- SWIMMING POOLS -- RESTAURANTS AND BARS -- LIBRARIES -- MUSEUMS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- 68. TRANSPORTATION -- INTRODUCTION -- AUTOMOBILES -- EXPOSURES IN BUSES, TRAINS, MOTORCYCLES, PEDESTRIANS, AND BICYCLES -- AIRPLANES -- ANCILLARY FACILITIES AND IMPACT ON SURROUNDINGS -- RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF EXPOSURE DURING TRANSPORTATION ACTIVITIES RELATED TO TOTAL EXPOSURE -- REFERENCES -- 69. DAY-CARE CENTERS AND HEALTH -- CHILDREN’S HEALTH PROBLEMS AND FORM OF DAY CARE -- THE DAY-CARE CENTER ENVIRONMENT -- ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS AND HEALTH -- TOWARD A BETTER DAY-CARE CENTER ENVIRONMENT -- REFERENCES -- H. PART 8: RISK ASSESSMENT AND LITIGATION -- 70. THE RISK ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK: RISK ASSESSMENT, RISK MANAGEMENT, AND RISK COMMUNICATION -- INTRODUCTION -- RISK ASSESSMENT -- RISK MANAGEMENT -- RISK COMMUNICATION -- REFERENCES -- 71. IAQ AND THE LAW -- INTRODUCTION -- INDOOR AIR LEGAL SUITS -- LEGAL THEORIES -- INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL CASES -- HOW TO PREVENT AN INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL LAWSUIT -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- I. ABOUT THE EDITORS.

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http://www.loc.gov/catdir/bios/mh042/00048024.html

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